This list relates to the trimester Trimester 1 2019 which ended on 29/06/2019
This list has been archived
  1. Week 1 Immigration and the Politics of Identity 6 items
    These are some short autobiographical readings to get you thinking about migration and identity. Please read the Amin Maalouf extract, and then choose at least two of Options 1-4, based on your interests. Please do these readings by the time of our Thursday class. They are also relevant for Week 2's discussions.
    1. On identity - Amin Maalouf 2000

      Book Required Read this Maalouf piece.

    2. Chapter 1: Immigrants - Michael King

      Chapter Required Optional reading #1.

    3. Race you there - Tze Ming Mok - Tze Ming Mok

      Webpage Required Optional reading #2.

    4. Is Neymar Black? Brazil and the Painful Relativity of Race - Cleuci de Oliveira 30/06/2018

      Webpage Required Optional reading #3.

    5. Home, Strange Home: Caught Between Nigeria and America - Teju Cole 18/04/2011

      Article Required Optional reading #4.

    6. I've got some things to say - Romelu Lukaku 18/06/2018

      Webpage Recommended Some light reading related to the football World Cup.

  2. Week 2 Immigration and theories of identity 4 items
    Read Sen's chapter first, then Waters and Baldwin. As I note elsewhere, for the Waters reading it is the first six or so pages that are most important, but I do recommend that you read the rest of the chapter as it provides important empirical and contextual information about the immigrant group that motivates her broader argument. The Baldwin piece addresses identity in the US, but from the perspective of his location in Europe. Thus it raises interesting questions about the changing perceptions of identity, depending on location.
    1. Making sense of identity (Chapter 2) - Amartya Sen 2006

      Chapter Required

    2. Black identities : West Indian immigrant dreams and American realities / Mary C. Waters. - Waters, Mary c. 1999

      Book Required I have assigned pages 44-89 ( most of Chapter 3). The first 6-8 pages are the most important, so make sure you get through these. I recommend, though, that you read the rest of the chapter as it outlines the interesting empirical case that is at the heart of Waters' study. This puts the early pages of the chapter into context.

    3. Notes of a native son - James Baldwin 1964

      Book Required If there is any problem with this link, another version is available online at: (however, you need to ignore the annotations). You may also like to read Teju Cole's 2014 article in The New Yorker that revisits Baldwin's "Stranger in the Village" decades later. You can access it at:

    4. Chapter 6: In the eye of the beholder - Natalie Masuoka

      Chapter Supplementary This book chapter analyses the ways in which voters perceive Barack Obama - as black or mixed-race, and how the identity they assign to him affects their view of him.

  3. Week 3 Migration and National Identity 10 items
    The three Required readings are: Kwame Anthony Appiah ('Country'); Catherine Dauvergne ('Settler societies...'); and Harald Bauder ('Closing the immigration-Aboriginal parallax gap'). See also 2 Recommended readings: Anthony Smith; Montserrat Guibernau.
    1. Country - Kwame Anthony Appiah

      Chapter Required

    2. Settler societies and the immigration imagination - Catherine Dauvergne

      Chapter Required From the ebook, read Chapter 2 'Settler societies and the immigration imagination'

    3. Nationalism: theory, ideology, history - Anthony D. Smith 2010

      Book Recommended You may find pages 5-23 on concepts and definitions related to the nation and nationalism useful to read if you have not studied nations and nationalism before. I will cover some of this material in the Week 3 lecture.

    4. The Identity of Nations - M. Montserrat Guibernau i Berdún 2007

      Book Recommended This reading provides a helpful 5-pronged definition of national identity, which I will refer to in the Week 3 lecture, and also discusses the respective role of elites and masses in the construction of national identity.

    5. Imagined communities: reflections on the origin and spread of nationalism - Anderson, Benedict R. O'G. (Benedict Richard O'Gorman), 1936- c2006.

      Book Supplementary Open up Chapter 1 Introduction and read pp.5-8 with Anderson's definitions of the nation.

    6. How to be French: nationality in the making since 1789 - Patrick Weil, Catherine Porter 2008

      Book Supplementary

    7. National identity and diversity - Fiona Barker

      Chapter Supplementary A brief overview chapter I wrote about national identity in NZ, especially in the context of diversity.

  4. Week 4 State approaches to immigrant integration #1 8 items
    This week we turn to look at the kinds of policies governments adopt to shape how migrants adapt to the society. First, please read the three short definitional readings on Assimilation, Integration and Multiculturalism from Key Concepts in Migration to familiarise yourself with the way the migration literature uses these concepts. In class we will talk about not just about the kinds of policy approaches there are, but also about the debates in the literature about whether there are clear 'national models' of integration, as well as why these might have developed. Castles, de Haas and Miller offer a comparative overview of several different policy models, while Bertossi's article contests the idea that there are clear and coherent national models of integration. For the Thursday class, please have a read of the Seol and Skrentny article, which will inform the session with our guest speaker, Stephen Epstein, and also links back nicely to discusses of different types of nationalism that we have just discussed in Week 3.
    1. Key Concepts in Migration - David Bartram, , Maritsa Poros, , and Pierre Monforte 2014

      Book Required This reading has very short chapters explaining key terms about migration. Please read Chapter 5: Assimilation, Chapter 23: Integration, and Chapter 28: Multiculturalism.

    2. Chapter 12: New ethnic minorities and society - Stephen Castles, Hein de Haas, Mark Miller

      Chapter Required Skim read this chapter, focusing on pages 264-282, then 292-295. Read the detail boxes for country cases that interest you.

    3. Ethnic return migration and hierarchical nationhood - Dong-Hoon Seol, John D. Skrentny 06/2009

      Article Required This reading is for the Thursday class (28 March).

    4. Citizenship and nationhood in France and Germany - Brubaker, Rogers. 1992.

      Book Supplementary Read pp. 1-18, the Introduction.

  5. Week 5 State approaches to immigrant integration #2 9 items
    Having introduced some concepts regarding integration, multiculturalism etc and the question of 'national models' last week, this week we will look at one type of policy development in some liberal democracies - 'civic integration'. Civic integration often emerged in reaction to what politicians claim is a failure of earlier policies (e.g. multiculturalism) and it entails imposing certain requirements regarding immigrants' integration. Joppke's recent article raises three debates about civic integration, but in doing so also reviews practices in different countries. Triadafilopoulos assesses civic integration through the lens of political theory, asking whether contemporary policies are illiberal. (Don't worry if you don't fully grasp all the nuances of the different liberalisms he discusses, but read it for his overall points about liberal vs illiberal approaches to integration.) Kenan Malik's article in Foreign Affairs magazine critiques the practice of both multiculturalism and assimilation in the past and makes some suggestions. This brings us back to the question of multiculturalism and will inform some of our discussion about policy making choies regarding integration and accommodation of difference.
    1. The Failure of Multiculturalism - Kenan Malik

      Article Required This article critiques existing forms of both multiculturalism and assimilation, then suggests alternatives.

    2. Illiberal Means to Liberal Ends? Understanding Recent Immigrant Integration Policies in Europe - Triadafilos Triadafilopoulos 07/2011

      Article Required This reading considers the question of whether civic integration policies are illiberal and thus inconsistent with liberal democracy. It asks how different models of liberalism view the immigrant integration issue.

    3. Citizens of California: How the Golden State Went from Worst to First on Immigrant Rights - Allan Colbern, S. Karthick Ramakrishnan 03/04/2018

      Article Supplementary This is a recent article that looks at California's approach to immigrants over the past century and a half. It is interesting to read in conjunction with the de Graauw and Vermeulen article on local integration politics, if you would like to know more about approaches to migrant rights and integration below the national level.

  6. Week 6 Identity choice and the State 15 items
    The reading assignments are a little different for Week 6, when we study how State categorisations both reflect and shape citizens' and newcomers' identity choices. Our readings all focus on the census as an example of State shaping of identity. Your reading assignment is as follows: 1. First, read the TWO short newspaper pieces (from the LA Times and The Guardian) on changes to the US Census for 2020. 2. Then, read ONE of the country case study articles that are listed under the remaining Required readings, each of which is listed as Option 1, 2 etc. through to Option 10. (Note that Option 5 is an ebook that includes a few different listed case studies, of which you just read one.) Just select the case study article based on your geographical/regional interests :-) We will do a collaborative exercise in class on Tuesday, so you should come prepared to contribute knowledge from the country case study you chose to read! As you read, think about and make notes for yourself on the following - (i) what are the main categories/dimensions of identity that appear on the country's census? Are there peculiarities about how (ethnic/racial/religious/linguistic) identity is organised in this country's census? (ii) What seem to be some historical, social or institutional factors that shape the configuration of identities that are recognised on the census? (iii) What are some key areas of political contestation about the census identity categorisations in this country? What are some political, social or economic implications arising out of how identity is categorised? (Each article has a different focus, so adapt the questions as appropriate for the article you chose.) Happy reading!
    1. Constructing the Irish of Britain: Ethnic recognition and the 2001 UK Censuses - Kevin Howard 01/2006

      Article Required Option 2 for the Required Reading (Irish in UK)

    2. Re-making the majority? Ethnic New Zealanders in the 2006 census - Tahu Kukutai, Robert Didham 08/2012

      Article Required Option 3 for Required Reading (NZ).

    3. Measuring the majority: Counting Europeans in the New Zealand Census - Broman, Patrick 2018

      Article Required Option 4 for the Required Reading (NZ)

    4. Social Statistics and Ethnic Diversity

      Book Required Option 5 for Required Reading - read the case study chapter on ONE of the following countries: FRANCE (Simon), BRAZIL (Petruccelli), MALAYSIA (Nagaraj et al), MEXICO (Barbary).

    5. Racial/Colour Categorization in US and Brazilian Censuses - Melissa Nobles

      Chapter Required Option 6 for Required Reading (US, BRAZIL)

    6. Counting as Citizens: Recognition of the Nubians in the 2009 Kenyan Census - Samantha Balaton-Chrimes 06/2011

      Article Required Option 7 for the Required Reading (KENYA).

    7. Delineating the nation: South African censuses 1865–2007 - A.J. Christopher 2009-2

      Article Required Option 8 for Required Reading (SOUTH AFRICA)

    8. The Construction of National Identity and its Challenges in Post-Yugoslav Censuses* - Florian Bieber 09/2015

      Article Required Option 9 for Required Reading (POST-YUGOSLAV STATES/BALKANS)

    9. Census, identity formation, and the struggle for political power - David Kertzer, Dominique Arel

      Chapter Supplementary Chapter 1, pp. 1-42 (Kertzer and Arel, 'Censuses, identity formation, and the struggle for political power').

    10. Mark One or More - Kim Williams 2006

      Book Supplementary

  7. Week 7 Migration and social membership 8 items
    Welfare states rely for their functioning on some sense of solidarity in society and on people's willingness to pay their taxes. Some people claim that this solidarity rests on a common national identity and that these sources of solidarity are challenged by immigration and under conditions of growing diversity. Does social solidarity really rely on a strong national identity? Does the diversity arising from immigration seem to challenge national welfare states? If so, what political challenges present themselves and what might the solutions be? The TWO required readings discuss this topic from the perspective of political theory and set forward a range of propositions about the relationship between diversity and the welfare state. Kymlicka's sole-authored article (which has some overlaps with the Banting/Kymlicka piece) focuses on the question of whether there is a "progressive's dilemma" for those who would support both immigration and a strong redistributive welfare state. The Banting/Kymlicka chapter has some political theory-heavy sections, but don't be put off! It's worth the effort to fully understand it and also to formulate your own views about what are often normative questions (e.g. about what the bases of national identity and solidarity should be). NB. You need only read pages 1-34 of the Banting/Kymlicka chapter.
    1. Introduction: the political sources of solidarity in diverse societies - Keith Banting, Will Kymlicka

      Chapter Required You only need to read pages 1-34!

    2. Special Issue symposium - Solidarity in Diverse Societies: Nationhood, Immigration and the Welfare State 2016

      Article Recommended The Required reading by Will Kymlicka (sole-authored) is part of a symposium in the journal. After you have read Kymlicka's original article, you might like to read one or more of the responses from other authors in the symposium, and then also read Kymlicka's Rejoinder article (i.e. his response to his critiques). This allows you to follow the full dialogue among key scholars in the field. If you are writing a blog post on Kymlicka, reading other authors' responses to him might also help you to develop your own thoughts.

    3. Diversity and Solidarity New Evidence from Canada and the US (Chapter 6) - Richard Johnston, Matthew Wright, Stuart Soroka, Jack Citrin

      Chapter Supplementary I will refer to this chapter on the US versus Canada/Quebec comparison in the lecture. If you are interested, you can read it in full here.

    4. Diversity and solidarity in Denmark and Sweden - Karin Borevi

      Chapter Supplementary I will refer to this chapter on Denmark vs Sweden comparison in the lecture. If you are interested, you can read it in full here.

    5. Constructing Tolerance - Markus M. L. Crepaz, Regan Damron 03/2009

      Article Supplementary

    6. Testing the national identity argument - David Miller, Sundas Ali 05/2014

      Article Supplementary

  8. Week 8 Migrant identities between 'home' and 'host' 6 items
    This week's reading address what is broadly known as 'transnational citizenship' or 'transnational politics'; i.e. political identities and action that transcend the traditional notion of citizens participating in the political life of a single territorial nation-state. Since every immigrant is also an emigrant, it stands to reason that migrants' political interests, identities and engagement might relate to both 'home' and 'host' societies. The first reading (Levitt and de la Dehesa) is a classic that considers transnational politics from the top-down perspective of the state, while the second reading (Harpaz) considers the specific topic of dual citizenship and does so from more of a bottom-up perspective. The Recommended reading on Australia (Fozdar) also takes a bottom-up approach, considering migrants' perspectives on their citizenship(s). This reading offers very helpful context for the Week 8 guest lecture (Thursday) by Pavithra Jayawardena, who will talk about understandings of citizenship and identity toward 'home' and 'host' of Sri Lankan migrants.
  9. Week 9 'Non-migrant' identities: populism and responses to migration and diversity 4 items
    There has been a lot of discussion in the media in recent years about the 'white working class', the 'new minority'. This week we will return to discussions from earlier in the course about the 'white identity' and consider it in the context of the explanations of the rise of populism and the radical right in electoral politics. The reading assignment this week consists of one scholarly journal article, one essay by Kenan Malik (who we read earlier in the course) about the history of white identity, and two op-ed pieces by Justin Gest, who has researched the 'white working class'. The op-eds are not long, but they treat similar themes (albeit addressed to different audiences - UK versus US), so if you only have time to read one that's fine.
  10. Week 10 Immigrants as political actors 7 items
    During Weeks 10 and 11 we are examine the role of migrant-origin citizens in electoral politics. Is growing ethnic diversity reflected in parliaments? Do those of recent immigrant origin vote differently to longstanding citizens? Normatively, should we aspire to ‘mirror’ representation (i.e. where the composition of the legislature broadly matches that of society) and, if so, along which dimensions of identity? We will read a few empirical case studies of migrant voting and representation patterns, as well as considering normative questions about who should represent whom.
    1. New Zealand’s Pacific way: Pacific politics in New Zealand - Damon Salesa

      Chapter Required Read Chapter 6 NZ's Pacific Way: Pacific Politics in New Zealand. This will be relevant for Weeks 10 and 11.

    2. Minority Representation, Empowerment, and Participation - Susan A. Banducci, Todd Donovan, Jeffrey A. Karp 05/2004

      Article Recommended Read this enough to get a sense of the key arguments the authors make, the reasons they give, and key evidence they provide.

    3. The political representation of immigrants and minorities: voters, parties and parliaments in liberal democracies - Karen Bird, Thomas Saalfeld, Andreas M. Wüst c2011

      Book Supplementary Hard copy available in VUW Library. Call number: JF1061 P59 2011

  11. Week 11 Diversity, identity and political representation 5 items
    During Weeks 10 and 11 we are examine the role of migrant-origin citizens in electoral politics. Is growing ethnic diversity reflected in parliaments? Do those of recent immigrant origin vote differently to longstanding citizens? Normatively, should we aspire to ‘mirror’ representation (i.e. where the composition of the legislature broadly matches that of society) and, if so, along which dimensions of identity? We will read a few empirical case studies of migrant voting and representation patterns, as well as considering normative questions about who should represent whom.
    1. 'Acceptable Difference': Diversity, Representation and Pathways to UK Politics - C. Durose, L. Richardson, R. Combs, C. Eason 01/04/2013

      Article Recommended

  12. Additional readings on indigeneity and migration 6 items
    How should we think about immigration and integration in settler colonial societies? What intersections are there, or should there be between the politics of indigeneity and the politics of migration? This is an under-researched, but important, question for us to consider. We have one reading on Aotearoa New Zealand and two readings on Canada (one a short editorial, the second a longer account of a roundtable discussion that responds to the first short reading).
    1. From mainstream to manaaki - Tahu Kukutai, Arama Rata

      Chapter Required

    2. Intervention – ‘Addressing the Indigenous-Immigration “Parallax Gap”’ - Ann Stanley, Sedef Arat-Koç, Laurie Bertram, Hayden King 2014

      Article Required