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  1. Part 1:Problems, actors, analysis methods (relevant for Assessment 1) 76 items
    Clarifications - whenever you see readings recorded as 'supplementary' please choose ONE according to your knowledge needs and specialisation preferences. The 'Recommended' materials are totally optional - some may be of use to those working on relevant assessment topics. The same comment applies for all course Parts
    1. Session 1 - Introduction to the field of environmental policy 15 items
      1. 2015 Environment Aotearoa (MfE monitoring report)

        Document Recommended Read one chapter of your choice - relevant for Session 1

      2. The state of the climate - and what we might do about it - N. Stern. 2014

        Audio-visual document Recommended Session 1

      3. The global food waste scandal

        Audio-visual document Recommended Session 1

      4. Planetary boundaries: Guiding human development on a changing planet - W. Steffen, K. Richardson, J. Rockstrom, S. E. Cornell 13/02/2015

        Article Recommended Session 1

    2. Session 2 - methods of environmental problem analysis and actors 4 items
      1. Eugene Bardach: The Eightfold path of policy analysis and advice

        Chapter Supplementary If this link does not work please see BB folder 'Readings not available in Talis'. Please read this the relevant sections on problem definition, goals and criteria, if you have not taken any public policy course: it explains what are the main activities involved in the process of policy analysis for design (the part of the policy process that is expected to result in policy recommendations for political decision makers to consider)

      2. Kyla Tienhaara (2013) “Chapter 13: Corporations: business and industrial influence” ( 164-172) in Routledge Handbook of Global Environmental Politics, edited by Paul G. Harris, Taylor and Francis

        Chapter Recommended Read this well written short chapter if you wish to learn more about how businesses influence environmental policy processes and decisions. Insights may be used towards constructing arguments for your debate (OAD - assessment 2 - depending on the debate moot you have been allocated, especially if you need to argue/rebut the desirability of voluntary instruments)

      3. National and Sub-national Policies and Institutions - IPCC Report 2014

        Chapter Recommended Read only Section 15.9 if you have not taken a public policy course and are unfamiliar with the role of commercial and non-commercial stakeholders in policy processes: design, implementation, monitoring, evaluation

    3. Session 3: Environmental policy objectives and criteria 2 items
      There are no suitable readings on policy objectives in environmental policy; you need to rely on lecture content for this topic
      1. Eugene Bardach: The Eightfold path of policy analysis and advice

        Chapter Supplementary If this link does not work please see BB folder 'Readings not available in Talis'. . Read this the relevant sections on problem definition, goals and criteria, if you have not taken any public policy course: it explains what are the main activities involved in the process of policy analysis for design (the part of the policy process that is expected to result in policy recommendations for political decision makers to consider)

      2. Environmental Policy Instruments in a New Era - Huppes, G., Simonis webaddress http://www.leidenuniv.nl/cml/ssp/publications/wp2000-002.pdf

        Article Recommended only pages Pg 13 – 18

    4. Resources on criteria 5 items
      1. Intervention logic: A user's guide - K. Baehler 2002

        Article Supplementary If this link does not work please see BB folder 'Readings not available in Talis'. Please read this if you have not taken any public policy course. It helps you understand Part 2: how to test whether the intended policy instruments are likely to generate the expected policy objectives

      2. Social, Economic, and Ethical Concepts and Methods - IPCC 2014 Report

        Chapter Recommended Only section 3.3 on inter-generational equity

    5. Sessions 4: direct regulations 6 items
      1. Carrots, sticks, and sermons: policy instruments and their evaluation - Marie-Louise Bemelmans-Videc, Ray C. Rist, Evert Vedung 1998

        Book Required The link is broken - the chapter is available in the folder "Readings not available in Talis in BB. Read the sections on direct regulations if you have not taken any public policy course; you should read this before starting the required readings.

      2. Implementing sustainability by legislation: institutions and processes - C. Miller

        Chapter Required -Read this if you have not studied the RMA as part of a law or environmental science course (it discusses types of natural resource management plans and direct regulations - permits for businesses and individuals – which are key to NZ’s environmental legislation)

      3. Gunningham, N. (2007). “Reconfiguring environmental regulation: Next-generation policy instruments”, in Industrial Innovation and Environmental Regulation: Developing Workable Solutions edited by S. Parto and B. Herbert-Copley. United Nations University Press

        Chapter Recommended Read only sections 5, 6, 7, 9, 10 for this lecture: this chapter offers great ideas on how to refresh the approach towards direct regulation, to increase flexibility and innovation potential at the level of the target group, increasing this way their likely eco-effectiveness

      4. What is regulation? An interdisciplinary concept analysis - Christel Koop, Martin Lodge 03/2017

        Article Recommended This is an article that is also part of the Reader for Session 1

      5. National and Sub-national Policies and Institutions - IPCC Report 2014

        Chapter Recommended If ever for your debate you may read sections 15.5.4 and 15.5.6 for this session

    6. Sessions 5: Economic and mixed instruments 8 items
      1. Economic instruments for environmental protection: can we trust the magic carpet? - Bressers, H., and D. Huitema

        Article Required excellent article on the strengths and weakness, risks and assumptions of economic instruments - generic arguments

      2. Sustainable Development OECD Policy Approaches for the 21st Century: OECD chapter 1 integrating the environment and development.

        Chapter Supplementary Short chapter but great analyses on many design and performance aspects of economic instruments

      3. OECD framework for effective and efficient environmental policies - OECD

        Chapter Supplementary pp 16-25 good explanations in the performance of economic instruments

      4. OECD Enviromental Performance Review NZ 2017

        Document Recommended The green growth chapter contains useful info on economic instruments in New Zealand - for those of you debating on these kinds of instruments

      5. Economic instruments for mobilising financial resources for supporting Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) i

        Document Recommended Some nice examples from around the world on discharge/pollution charges and levies and resource extraction charges with some discussions on instrument performance – should this be of interest to you in relation to the debate

      6. Carrots, sticks, and sermons: policy instruments and their evaluation - Marie-Louise Bemelmans-Videc, Ray C. Rist, Evert Vedung 1998

        Book Recommended The link is broken - the chapter is available in the folder "Readings not available in Talis" in BB. Read the sections on economic instruments only for this session, if you have not taken any public policy course; you should read this before starting the required readings.

    7. Sessions 6: voluntary instruments 6 items
      1. Collective Action through Voluntary Environmental Programs: A Club Theory Perspective - Aseem Prakash, Matthew Potoski 19/12/2007

        Article Required This article offers a great overview/characterisation of the types of voluntary agreements from the perspective of their likely effectiveness. There are plenty of options to draw on these ideas to elaborate your 'constructive arguments' and/or rebuttals in debates

      2. Voluntary agreements with the industry by Storey et al - available only on BB folder

        Chapter Supplementary You may want to go through this if you missed Session 6 and are interested in the design options and performance of some VA types

      3. An OECD Framework for Effective and Efficient Environmental Policies

        Webpage Supplementary Brief but effective discussion on information based on voluntary approaches between page 28 to 31 and then a few pages discussing mixes of policy instruments as well as aspects of monitoring compliance and enforcement, and discussion on environmental policy instruments and competitiveness. Between page 40 and 42 there is a small section on equity implications of environmental instruments for low income households - good source of ideas for more debate arguments

      4. Carrots, sticks, and sermons: policy instruments and their evaluation - Marie-Louise Bemelmans-Videc, Ray C. Rist, Evert Vedung 1998

        Book Recommended The link is broken - the chapters is available in the folder "Readings not available in Talis in BB". Read the sections on voluntary and communication instruments only for this session, if you have not taken any public policy course;

      5. National and Sub-national Policies and Institutions - IPCC Report 2014

        Chapter Recommended Optional resource for those of you arguing for against a voluntary agreements or communication instruments – please see sections 15.5.5. And 15.5.7 only for this session

    8. Session 7: Reflections of policy instruments 3 items
      1. Selecting Policy Instruments for Better Environmental Regulation: a Critique and Future Research Agenda - Taylor, Christopher ; Pollard, Simon ; Rocks, Sophie ; Angus, Andy. 2012

        Article Recommended

      2. Environmental Policy Instruments in a New Era - Huppes, G., Simonis webaddress http://www.leidenuniv.nl/cml/ssp/publications/wp2000-002.pdf

        Article Recommended only Pg 19-29

      3. Better by design: Business preferences for environmental regulatory reform - Taylor, C.M. et al (2015).

        Article Recommended Many research findings and theoretical considerations here may help you develop and sharpen your debate arguments regarding the weaknesses and potential strengths associated with various environmental policy instruments

    9. Session 8: The Precautionary principle 1. What conditions trigger precaution? 3 items
      1. Precaution: Belief, Regulatory System, and Overarching Principle 2000

        Article Required Read this first please as it explains the key differences with the Risk Assessment methodologies - a short and really well written article, one of my favourites in terms of writing eloquence. Enjoy!

    10. Session 9 - The Precautionary Principle 2 - what are the policy implications of triggering precaution? illustrations for the case of GMOs 14 items
      1. Hazardous Substances and New Organisms (Methodology) Order 1998 (SR 1998/217)

        Document Required Relevant for Assignment 3 are Section 2, 3(1), 5, 6, 7(1), 8, 9, 10, 12 and 13 to 36.

      2. Hayward, Andrew. The Hazardous Substances and New Organisms Act, Precaution, and the Regulation of GMOs in New Zealand [online]. New Zealand Journal of Environmental Law, Vol. 9, 2005: 123-162

        Article Supplementary beware the article is a bit old eg Environmental Risk Management Authority has been replaced by the Environmental protection Agency. Otherwise very good introduction into low risk / high risk GMOs, the precautionary principle and the NZ relevant legislation

    11. Session 10 - Citizen and stakeholder engagement in environmental governance 4 items
      1. Public engagement in governance for sustainability: a two-tier assessment approach and illustrations from New Zealand - Valentina Dinica 20/02/2017

        Article Recommended In this paper you find another empirical application of the same public engagement framework / PARO as in my book chapter above.

      2. Dinica V. (2019) Chapter 15 Elaborating a Negotiated Agreement on Protected Area Concessions: Missed Opportunities for Exercising Corporate Sustainability and Responsibility in New Zealand.

        Article Recommended another, shorter illustration of the application of the PARO framework in the same book, In: Lund-Durlacher D., Dinica V., Reiser D. (eds) Corporate Sustainability and Responsibility in Tourism. Springer

    12. Session 11 - Citizen and stakeholder engagement in environmental governance 4 items
      1. Participation Compass; https://participedia.net/method/155; https://participedia.net/method/157; https://participedia.net/method/163; https://participedia.net/method/145

        Website Required Go to this website read the presentations on the following methods: Delliberative Polling; 21st century town meetings (also at https://www.involve.org.uk/resources/methods/21st-century-town-meeting); consensus conference (this is a snall N design: https://www.involve.org.uk/resources/methods/consensus-conference); citizen juries (also at https://www.involve.org.uk/resources/methods/citizens-jury); citizen panels (https://www.involve.org.uk/resources/methods/citizens-panel)

    13. Session 12 - Reflection session and preparation for the policy report 0 items