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  1. The Chicago manual of style online - University of Chicago. Press 2006- (electronic resource)

    Document Required You can use this Style Manual for your essays. (It is replacing the NZSM Guidelines for Academic Work.) Most essays topics in this course would be best suited to the notes and bibliography system (Chapter 14) rather than in-text citations.

  2. Week 1 Introduction to operatic experience 1: Audiences 5 items
  3. Week 2 Introduction to operatic experience 2: Orpheus and the Singer 12 items
    1. Gluck - Orfeo ed Euridice (Leppard) / ViewPure

      Webpage Required Watch 'Che faro senza Euridice' (from 1.29.56)

    2. Maria Callas - J'ai perdu mon Eurydice.wmv 9/8/2010

      Audio-visual document Recommended

    3. In search of opera - Carolyn Abbate 2003

      Book Required Read Chapter 1. (This is another link to the same text above.)

    4. Why Voice Now? - M. Feldman, E. Wilbourne, S. Rings, B. Kane 01/12/2015

      Article Required Only the first section, by Martha Feldman ('An Interstitial Voice', pp. 653-9) is required.

  4. Week 3: Mozart, Magic Flute: Opera, fantasy and film 11 items
    1. Trollflöjten: The magic flute - Carmen F. Zollo, Ingmar Bergman, Ulrik Cold, Josef Köstlinger 2000 (videorecording =)

      Book Required

    2. (2) The Magic Flute | LA Opera 2013/14 Season - YouTube - LA Opera 2013

      Audio-visual document Required These clips are from Barrie Kosky's production of The Magic Flute, currently playing in Auckland.

    3. Section of Magic Flutes and Enchanted Forests - David J. Buch

      Chapter Recommended Read pages 332-361 (ie the section of the final chapter that addresses _The Magic Flute_, and the Postscript).

    4. Sections of Opera's second death - Mladen Dolar, Slavoj Žižek

      Chapter Supplementary

  5. Week 4: Verdi, La Traviata: Realism and Emotion 8 items
    1. La traviata - Francesco Maria Piave, Franco Zeffirelli, Tarek Ben Ammar, Teresa Stratas c1999 (videorecording)

      Audio-visual document Required DVD of the same production, above.

    2. The Italian theatre of Verdi's day - Alessandro Roccatagliati

      Chapter Required Go to the Roccatagliati chapter, then click on the PDF icon to download the complete text.

    3. The forms of set pieces - Scott L. Balthazar

      Chapter Recommended Go to the Balthazar chapter, then click on the PDF icon to download the whole chapter.

    4. Traviata, La - Roger Parker

      Article Supplementary

  6. Week 5: Bizet, Carmen: Realism, Exoticism and Feminism 5 items
    1. Carmen - Julia Migenes-Johnson, Plácido Domingo, Ruggero Raimondi, Faith Esham c1999 (videorecording)

      Audio-visual document Required This is the same film as the previous item, on DVD in the library.

    2. Chapters 1 (Mapping Carmen), 2 (Theorizing Carmen) and 10 (Social-Realist Fantasies) - Phil Powrie, Bruce Babington, Ann Davies, Chris Perriam

      Chapter Required

  7. Week 6: Offenbach, Tales of Hoffmann: Genre and gender 6 items
    1. Jacques Offenbach's the tales of Hoffmann h [videorecording]: a fantastic opera - Jacques Offenbach, Dennis Arundell, Jules Barbier, Michael Powell c2005

      Book Required

    2. Introduction - Hadlock, Heather

      Chapter Required

  8. Week 7 0 items
    Revision and test. Students should, however, make a start on readings for Carmen next week.
  9. Week 8: Wagner, Ring Cycle: Illusion and delusion 10 items
    1. Wagner - Der Ring Des Nibelungen: Das Rheingold [Boulez] - English Subs 10/11/2014

      Audio-visual document Required Ideally you should watch some of the opening and/or transformation scene of at least one of the productions of Rheingold uploaded here. Context: The opening of the Ring Cycle depicts the river Rhine, and then the Rhinemaidens who guard the gold. They’ve been told that if someone forges the gold into a ring, it will enable him to rule the world, but only if he first renounces love. The dwarf Alberich appears and tries to woo the Rhinemaidens. They mock him and reject him. He steals the gold, and renounces love. He will forge the ring, setting in motion the events of the cycle. Opening: 3.20 – steam! 4.30 – damn 21.30 Alberich’s curse 22.30. Transformation scene. Also of interest: 1.05.57 – Wotan and the God Loge descend to Nibelheim (under the ground), where Alberich lives, to attempt to get the ring. (They require this as payment to the giants who built their castle, Valhalla. It is the only thing that the giants will accept as an alternative to Freia, the goddess whose apples prevent the gods from aging.) Another transformation scene, and significant diegetic music/orchestration (use of anvils).

    2. Das Rheingold (The Copenhagen Ring) 6/11/2013

      Audio-visual document Supplementary An alternative to the Chereau production. See notes on the context, above. Key moments: 23.40 Alberich’s curse, followed by transformation scene; 1.07.40 Wotan and Loge descend to Nibelhiem. (Another transformation scene; note the use of anvils in the orchestra.)

    3. WAGNER - DAS RHEINGOLD - SAWALLISCH 13/9/2012

      Audio-visual document Supplementary An alternative to the Chereau, above. For the context, see previous clip. 24.47: Alberich’s curse, followed by transformation scene. 1.09.28 Wotan and Loge descend to Nibelheim. (Another transformation scene, this time with diegetic anvils.)

    4. Wagner - Der Ring Des Nibelungen: Siegfried [Act I/II; Boulez] - English Subs 20/11/2014

      Audio-visual document Required Focus on the section beginning around 1.46.30; it's a good example of steam (as discussed by Kreuzer). Around 1.51.00 Siegfried hears the woodbird (a famous moment of obviously diegetic/phenomenal sound), which he tries to imitate; around 1.58.30 he plays on his horn (more diegetic sound), and the dragon Fafner appears - more steam! Context: Siegfried (the son of Siegmund and Sieglinde) has been raised by the dwarf Mime (brother of Alberich, the dwarf who forged the ring and gave it its curse). Mime hopes to use Siegfried - Wotan's grandson - to regain the ring by killing the dragon Fafner (one of two giants who helped to build the Gods' castle Valhalla, and who demanded the ring as payment from Wotan).

    5. Wagner, Götterdämmerung, Boulez, Bayreuth '79 2/8/2013

      Audio-visual document Required Watch from one of the following timings to the end, to see the conclusion of the Ring cycle (discussed by Abbate, and with more steam, as discussed by Kreuzer). 3.39.15 Gutrune enters. (Confusingly, she is sung by Jeannine Altmeyer who also sang Sieglinde.) 3.46.30 Brünnhilde reveals the truth to Gutrune. 3.49.40 Brünnhilde’s final monologue begins. 4.01.00 Beginning of the immolation Context: Siegfried (Wotan’s grandson) was the one to rescue Brünnhilde (Wotan’s daughter) and become her husband, giving her the ring. But due to a plot by Hagen, son of the dwarf Alberich (who forged the ring from gold stolen from the Rhinemaidens), Siegfried was then given a potion to make him forget Brünnhilde. Siegfried married Gutrune, taking the ring from Brünnhilde. Not knowing about the potion, and feeling betrayed, Brünnhilde gave Hagen information that enabled him to kill Siegfried. Brünnhilde was told the truth about Siegfried’s deception by the Rhinemaidens. She reclaims the ring, orders a funeral pyre for Siegfried, and plunges into the flames with the ring, to cleanse it of the curse. The Rhinemaidens reclaim the now purified ring and drown Hagen as he attempts to take it. The Gods castle, Valhalla (which Wotan paid for with the ring), burns.

    6. The Perfect Wagnerite - George Bernard Shaw

      Book Required Read Preliminary Encouragements and The Rhine Gold (pp. 11-36)

    7. On music and drama - Richard Wagner, Albert Goldman, Evert Sprinchorn 1992, ©1964

      Book Required Focus on 'The Founding of the Festspielhaus' (pp. 353-369)

  10. Week 9: Wagner, Die Walkure: Singers and Embodiment 6 items
    1. Der Ring des Nibelungen: a stage-festival drama for three days and a preliminary evening, Die Walküre - Patrice Chéreau, Brian Large, Richard Peduzzi, Jacques Schmidt c2005 (videorecording)

      Audio-visual document Required

    2. Mimomania: music and gesture in nineteenth-century opera - Mary Ann Smart 2004

      Book Required Read Chapter 5: Allegory and Embodiment. Note that if this link doesn't work for you you can access this text by searching for Smart and Mimomania in the library catalogue.

    3. Review: She Do the Ring in Different Voices - Review by: Richard Taruskin 1992

      Article Recommended

  11. Week 10: Puccini, Madame Butterfly: Exoticism, racism and global opera 7 items
    1. (2) Madama Butterfly - YouTube - Steven Watson 2017

      Audio-visual document Required Make sure you turn on the subtitles (by clicking 'CC' for 'closed caption' immediately below the main viewing window.

    2. Madama Butterfly: Japanese tragedy - Giuseppe Giacosa, Luigi Illica, Jean-Pierre Ponnelle, Mirella Freni 2005], ©1974

      Audio-visual document Required DVD of the same production, above.

    3. A Broader View of Musical Exoticism - Locke, Ralph P Fall 2007

      Article Required Focus on the introductory pages (477-494) and the pages pertaining to Madame Butterfly (511-20)

  12. Week 11 Kaija Saariaho, L'amour de loin 10 items
    1. L'Amour de Loin

      Webpage Required This production, for the Metropolitan Opera, is available to view online through their free seven-day subscription.

    2. L'amour de loin - Amin Maalouf, Peter Sellars, Helena Kokko, Gerald Finley 2005 (videorecording)

      Audio-visual document Recommended It would be preferable to watch the Met Opera Live in HD production. However, if you are unable to access that site, you may instead watch this DVD, to familiarise yourself with the work.

    3. Chapter 2: Live performance in a mediatized culture - Philip Auslander

      Chapter Required In particular, read 'Against ontology', pp. 38-60.

    4. Saariaho Interview_14 November 2015 - YouTube - Ronit Seter 2016

      Audio-visual document Required

    5. Chapter 4 'Lament', of Musical modernism at the turn of the twenty-first century - David Joel Metzer

      Chapter Recommended Focus on the pages pp. 144-7 and pp.163-167 (where L'amour de loin is discussed).

    6. L'amour de Loin | Alexander Street 1999

      Audio-visual document Supplementary Score

    7. Sound and Image in Western Art - Yael Kaduri

      Book Supplementary Focus on pages 98-99, which include discussion of L'amour de loin.